`Monkeypox Vaccination-Similar to smallpox, monkeypox, or Mpox, is a viral disease brought on by the Mpox virus. It mostly affects Africa’s regions, but recently it has also affected other countries and regions. It usually affects rodents like rats or mice as well as nonhuman primates like monkeys, making it a rare disease. However, the virus has recently mutated to the point where it can now harm humans. It can cause people to develop flu-like symptoms like fever, chills, and a rash that can last for weeks.
Despite the fact that there is currently no cure for Mpox, numerous pharmaceutical companies are attempting to develop options for its treatment. The researchers have created a vaccine to stop people from getting Mpox. Anyone over the age of 18 who is at a high risk of contracting the monkeypox infection can get this vaccine. The administration of the vaccine is completely risk-free. You will find all of the information you need to know about the Mpox vaccine in the following article, including who is eligible to receive it, the disease’s causes and symptoms, and the vaccine’s availability.
The Mpox virus is the cause of the illness that can cause mild to moderate flu-like symptoms in patients. Monkeypox is not considered to be fatal, but complications from the disease can cause death in some patients.
Any human who comes into contact with the virus can contract monkeypox, and symptoms typically appear anywhere from 5 to 21 days after exposure. A vaccine that is being developed under the name JYNNEOS can stop the disease. In order to receive the highest level of disease prevention, you must receive both doses of this two-dose vaccine. Four weeks after the first dose, the second dose of the vaccine is given. Only those who have been exposed to the virus or are at risk of being exposed should receive the vaccination, and the WHO has not yet announced the requirement for mass vaccination.
Monkeypox Vaccination Details
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Mpox has been endemic in central and western Africa for decades, with occasional outbreaks in other parts of the world, including clusters of cases in the United States in 2003 and in the United Kingdom and Israel in 2018 that led to increased public health concerns.
More than 17,000 confirmed cases in 82 countries, including more than 2,800 cases in the United States, have been identified as part of the most recent and most extensive transmission event, which began in May 2022. Those numbers probably undercount. The majority of the more than 8,200 cases in Europe involve young men, many of whom are HIV-positive, according to a recent survey. It is believed that gay and bisexual men who have multiple male sexual partners are more likely to contract mpox.
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Monkeypox Causes and Symptoms
When a person is exposed to the Mpox virus, they get monkeypox. The virus can spread through sexual contact, direct contact with an infected person’s rashes or scabs, objects contaminated with the virus, and through pregnant women who are infected to their unborn child.
The virus can spread from animals to women through contact with infected animals’ rashes or bodily fluids, food or products made from infected animals, and animal bites.
Monkeypox can present the following symptoms in the patients.
- Fever and chills
- Skin rash
- Muscle aches and body aches
- Fatigue and malaise
- Swollen Lymph nodes
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Who Should Get the Vaccine
Since Mpox has not yet been declared a pandemic, the vaccine is currently not recommended for everyone. The vaccine should be given to everyone who might get Mpox. To figure out who should get the vaccine and who shouldn’t, the following criteria are set.
If you meet any of the following conditions, you ought to get the vaccine.
- You think you’ve come into contact with the virus.
- In the past two weeks, you have had a sexual partner who has been diagnosed with mpox.
- You have more than one sexual partner and identify as gay, bisexual, transgender, or gender nonconforming.
- You had a sexual encounter at a commercial sex establishment, such as a club or bathhouse. You had a sexual encounter at a location where mumps is being transmitted.
- In the past six months, you or your partner have been diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease.
- If you intend to participate in any of the scenarios listed above.
- As a healthcare professional or in a laboratory, you deal with orthopxviruses.
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Availability of Monkeypox Vaccines
- The vaccine is available globally for use but they are not recommended for everyone.
- Since the original smallpox virus is not available readily since its eradication, it has been difficult to prepare a vaccine.
- There are two vaccines available for monkeypox which are JYNNEOS and ACAM2000.
- The ACAM2000 is not recommended in people living with comorbidities such as weak immune system, pre-existing skin disorders and pregnant women.
- The JYNNEOS vaccine is a two dose vaccine which should be administered at a gap of 28 days.
- There is no data for the effectiveness of the these vaccine as research is till ongoing.
- Even after taking the vaccine, you should follow the necessary preventive measures and avoid close contact with anyone who has been diagnosed with the virus.
- There is low supply of the vaccine hence everyone cannot be vaccinated and a priority system is followed where anyone who has had exposure with the virus is vaccinated within 4 days of contact.
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